New BCEA earnings threshold from 1 March 2021
The Department of Employment and Labour (DEL) has published a new earnings threshold under the Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 (BCEA). The new earnings threshold will take effect from 1 March 2021. The earnings threshold was last amended 7 years ago on 1 July 2014.
The table below summarises the new change to the earnings threshold –
|Current threshold||New threshold (wef 1 March 2021)|
|Earnings threshold||205 433.30 ZAR per annum||211 596.30 ZAR per annum|
Section 6 of the BCEA empowers the Minister of Employment & Labour to publish an earnings threshold that will exclude employees who earn above that amount from certain sections of the BCEA as follows –
|Ordinary hours of work (Section 9)||Overtime (Section 10)||Compressed working week (Section 11)||Averaging of hours of work (Section 12)||Determination of hours of work by Minister (Section 13)|
|Meal Intervals (Section 14)||Dailing and weekly rest period (Section 15)||Pay for work on Sundays (Section 16)||Night work [Section 17(2)]||Pay for work on public holidays [Section 18(3)]|
The following sections of the Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 apply to employees earning below the earnings threshold –
|Labour broker workers (Section 198A)||Fixed term employees (Section 198B)||Part time workers (Section 198C)|
It is important for employers to assess whether employees previously excluded from the application of the applicable sections of the LRA and/or BCEA as set out above now fall under these sections. This may have significant financial consequences for an employer.
The earnings threshold impacts on the application of provisions of the Basic Conditions of Employment Act, 1997 (BCEA), the Labour Relations Act, 1995 (LRA) and the Employment Equity Act, 1998 (EEA).
In terms of the BCEA, employees earning in excess of the earnings threshold are excluded from the provisions which regulate ordinary hours of work, overtime, compressed working weeks, averaging of hours of work, meal intervals, daily and weekly rest periods, Sunday pay, pay for night work and pay for work on public holidays.
In terms of the LRA, employees earning in excess of the earnings threshold are not subject to the deeming provision in accordance with which employees engaged by a temporary employment service/labour broker who are not performing a temporary service are deemed to be employees of the client for purposes of the LRA. In addition, employees earning in excess of the earnings threshold fall outside the scope of the provisions relating to fixed term employees who are deemed to be employed indefinitely after three months (in the absence of justifiable reasons for fixing the term of the contract).
In terms of the EEA, an employee earning in excess of the earnings threshold who has a dispute under Chapter II of the EEA relating to unfair discrimination, is not permitted to refer the dispute to the CCMA for arbitration (unless the dispute relates to alleged unfair discrimination on the grounds of sexual harassment, or the parties all agree to arbitration) and is obliged to refer the dispute to the Labour Court for adjudication.
For purposes of determining whether an employee earns in excess of the earnings threshold, “earnings” means an employee’s regular annual remuneration before the deduction of income tax, pension fund contributions, medical aid contributions and similar payments, but excludes similar contributions made by the employer in respect of the employee. This is subject to the proviso that subsistence and transport allowances received, achievement awards and payments for overtime worked do not fall within the scope of remuneration.
1 March 2021 will also see the introduction of the increased national minimum wage. The Minister has determined the new minimum wage to be R21,69 for every ordinary hour worked. The amount is less for domestic workers for whom the minimum is set at R19,09 an hour and workers on an expanded public works programme for whom the minimum is set at R11,93 an hour.
Sources: https://www.webberwentzel.com/News/Pages/new-bcea-earnings-threshold-from-1-march-2021.aspx | https://www.cliffedekkerhofmeyr.com/en/news/publications/2021/Employment/employment-alert-10-february-New-earnings-threshold-and-new-minimum-wage-effective-1-March-2021.html